RESIDENTIAL CARE PROGRAMMES
Children are received in a manner and a climate which is caring and safe, and which minimizes trauma and maximizes developmental opportunity during engagement or admission processes. Children receive services in a safe environment in which they are protected from physical, social and emotional harm. Children are accommodated in a safe, healthy, well-maintained environment, which provides appropriate access to the community and which meet their needs in terms of privacy, safety and well-being. All reasonable measures are taken to ensure that children and staff are safe from the risk of fire, accidents and other hazards.
The privacy and confidentiality of children is respected and protected. A child has access to legal or other assistance to prepare for any court process that he or she is involved with. Children receive emotional and social care which enables quality interaction with adults and peers, and which promotes positive, sustained relationships at school and with families, significant others and friends. The child and youth care centre offers a residential care programme that provides a therapeutic environment for the care and development of children. Children receive an effective and appropriate developmental assessment and referral service which should lead to appropriate placement. Children are provided with the capacity and support which enables constructive and offensive social behaviour.
Therapeutic programmes are conducted by service providers with appropriate training, support, supervision and mentoring. Therapeutic programmes ensure that recipients are free to express dissatisfaction with service providers and that concerns and complaints are addressed seriously. Therapeutic programmes minimise secondary abuse and trauma.
Therapeutic programmes are conducted in a non-discriminatory manner. Therapeutic programmes are sensitive to the linguistic needs, religious and cultural norms and values of children and their families. Therapeutic programmes are reviewed on a regular basis according to the needs of the recipients;
A child's development plan and programme is based on an appropriate and competent assessment of his or her developmental needs and strengths. Children at the child and youth care centre have a plan and programme of care and development. Children at the child and youth care centre participate in formulating their care and development plans and must be informed of those plans.
PERMANENCY PLANS FOR CHILDREN
Children at the child and youth care centre have a permanency plan based on a developmental assessment of the child. The child participates in the development of the permanency plan and be informed about the plan and any changes to itIndividual development plans Children receive services in accordance with their individual development plan which facilitates their well-being within a temporary programme and which enables them, where necessary, to make a successful transition to new circumstances. Children at the child and youth care centre have the right to a permanency plan, which include reunification, security and life-long relationships. Children at the child and youth care centre participate in formulating their individual development plan and to be informed about their plan, and to be involved in decisions to make changes to their plan. The individual development plan are based on an appropriate and competent assessment of their developmental needs and strengths and, where reasonably possible, be in the context of their family and community environments. The family of the child, or other persons with bonds to the child, are involved in the child's individual development plan unless it is shown that this would not be in the best interests of the child.
TEMPORARY SAFE CARE
There is a review of each child's placement and individual development plan at least once every six months while the child remains in the centre. The centre provides temporary safe care to children if appropriate and if the centre allows for it. Children are placed in temporary safe care for the shortest period possible and for the minimum number of days per week appropriate to their needs. After reception of a child, a developmental assessment takes place to evaluate a more permanent placement of the child. Children in conflict with the law are offered the option of diversion in a manner which protects their rights and involves them and their families in decision making. Children are given information about their rights and responsibilities within the programme in a manner and form which takes into account their age.
PROTECTION FROM ABUSE AND NEGLECT
Children in child and youth care centre are received in a caring and safe climate which minimises trauma and maximises developmental opportunity. Children are informed about policy and procedure regarding reportable incidents or actions and must be provided with information and knowledge which ensure that they can use these procedures effectively when needed. Children are given information about their rights and responsibilities within the programme. The environment protects children from physical, social and emotional harm, and threats of harm from themselves and others.
ASSESSMENT OF CHILDREN
Assessment of a child is undertaken by a multi-disciplinary team.The initial assessment takes place within 48 hours of the child's admission to the centre, and there is a regular review of the process. Assessment is strengths-based, holistic and appropriate to the child's culture, language and developmental stage. Assessment is done with the participation of the child and, as far as it is reasonably possible, with the child’s family. The assessment process aims to increase insight and competency and must include shared decision-making. Assessment processes and documentation is of such a nature that they can be used at the point of reception, and do not need to be repeated. Family reunification and reintegration Every child has a care plan which aims to provide life-long relationships with their family or appropriate alternative and re-integration in the family and community within the shortest possible time-frame.
Children receive after care programmes focussing on support in terms of training and education, employment, independent living, family and community integration and psychosocial support.
ACCESS TO AND PROVISION OF ADEQUATE HEALTH CARE
All children in child and youth care centres have access to health care services, and where the centre is registered to provide care for children with disabilities and chronic illnesses in terms of of the Act; or All children in child and youth care centres have access to health care services, and where the centre is registered under section 191(3)(a) to provide treatment for children addicted to dependence producing substances in terms of section 191(3)(c) of the Act, such care or treatment.
ACCESS TO SCHOOLING, EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
All children in child and youth care centres have access to health care services, and where there are a large number of babies in a centre, such care or treatment. All children in child and youth care centres have access to schooling, education, other appropriate training, skills programmes or early childhood development programmes where appropriate.
The education is as far as possible, accessed at a school or other training facility in the community. Where children cannot access education or other appropriate training in the community, such education or training is provided at the child and youth care centre
Security measures for child and youth care centres Children experience safety and feel cared for. Premises are safe. Where it is suspected that a child may have been abused and in need of child protection services, such child is referred to a designated child protection organisation.
Where obvious signs of injury or trauma are detected, a child is referred to a hospital or clinic for further assessment and treatment, and his or her parents or care-giver be informed thereof as soon as possible, if their whereabouts are known. There is adult supervision at all times. All reasonable precautions are taken to protect children and staff from the risk of fire, accidents or other hazards. A first aid kit is available and maintained. Measures for the separation of children in secure care programmes from children in Other programmes
Children in secure care programmes are as far as reasonably possible kept separately from children in other programmes. Such children are separated at night, and where they are not separated during the day this is managed as part of a residential care programme that provides appropriate containment. Children in secure care programmes who are awaiting trial and children in secure care programmes who have been sentenced are housed in the same facility, provided that the child and youth care centre is registered to provide appropriate programmes for such children, and that the residential care programmes provide for appropriate containment.